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artículo con referato
"Thermal evolution of structures and conductivity of Pr-substituted BaZr0.7Ce0.2Y0.1O3-δ: potential cathode components for protonic ceramic fuel cells"
Gemma Heras-Juaristi, Ulises Amador, Rodolfo O. Fuentes, Adilson L. Chinelatto, Julio Romero de Paz, Clemens Ritter, Duncan P. Fagg, Domingo Pérez-Colla and Glenn C. Mather
J. Mater. Chem. A (2018), en prensa
Abstract
A complete solid solution forms between the perovskite proton conductor BaZr0.7Ce0.2Y0.1O3-δ (BZCY72) and BaPr0.9Y0.1O3-δ (BPY) on synthesis by the Pechini method and high-temperature annealing. Phase fields of selected members of the Ba(Zr0.7Ce0.2)1-(x/0.9)PrxY0.1O3-δ series were studied as a function of composition and temperature by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction revealing symmetry changes in the sequence PnmaImmaR3̅c̅Pmm. Higher symmetry is favoured for low Pr contents and high temperatures, as consideration of tolerance factor suggests. A volume contraction, ascribed to dehydration, is observed by synchrotron X-ray diffraction on heating in air for lower x. Magnetic measurements and structural data support the presence of Pr in the IV valence state on the perovskite B site. Thermogravimetric analysis in CO2 to 1253 K indicates better chemical stability for x ≤ 0.445, whereas decomposition occurred for higher x. Electrical conductivity increases by over two orders of magnitude in dry air at lower temperature from x = 0.225 to 0.675; total conductivity reaches a value of 0.4 S cm-1 at 1173 K for x = 0.675. The series exhibits electron-hole transport with a positive pO2 dependence which increases with temperature, consistent with participation of oxygen vacancies in charge compensation of the Y3+ acceptor dopant. The activation energy for thermally activated hole hopping in air in the range 523-773 K decreases from 1 eV for BZCY72 to 0.4 eV for x = 0.675. Conductivity is generally lower in humidified N2 and air (pH2O ≈ 0.023 atm) than the corresponding dry atmospheres, consistent with consumption of holes by less mobile protonic species; however for x ≤ 0.225 the lower concentration of electron holes concomitant with higher oxygen-vacancy content in N2 results in slightly higher conductivity in wet conditions due to hydration of vacancies.
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