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artículo con referato
"Average ground-state energy of finite Fermi systems"
M. Centelles, P. Leboeuf, A.G. Monastra, J. Roccia, P. Schuck and X. Viñas
Phys. Rev. C 74(3) (2006) 034332/1-9
Semiclassical theories such as the Thomas-Fermi and Wigner-Kirkwood methods give a good description of the smooth average part of the total energy of a Fermi gas in some external potential when the chemical potential is varied. However, in systems with a fixed number of particles N, these methods overbind the actual average of the quantum energy as N is varied. We describe a theory that accounts for this effect. Numerical illustrations are discussed for fermions trapped in a harmonic oscillator potential and in a hard-wall cavity, and for self-consistent calculations of atomic nuclei. In the latter case, the influence of deformations on the average behavior of the energy is also considered.
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